Friday, May 27

It is too late to prevent the world from warming by 1.5 degrees, claims the new UN flagship report.

On Monday, the sixth major report of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It comes with grim predictions.

It was the first part of the sixth main report of the UN Climate Panel (AR6) that on Monday was well ahead in Geneva. It contains five paths on how the world may develop in the coming decades, Reuters reported.

In all scenarios, the goal of preventing temperatures from exceeding 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial times is exceeded.

– This report expands our understanding of what is behind climate change. It also shows how humans affect the climate, something we certainly do, Hoesung Lee, head of the UN Climate Panel, said at the press conference.

– We must limit man-made greenhouse gas emissions to slow down development, he added.

Greenhouse gas emissions must be cut, UN climate panel chief Hoesung Lee said on Monday. Here Lee was at a press conference in 2019.

Although there is much uncertainty about the forecasts, AR6 believes that warming is likely to reach 1.6 degrees before 2050.

UN Secretary General António Guterres believes that drastic measures are now needed.

– This report must be the death sentence for coal and fossil energy sources, before they destroy our planet, emphasizes Guterres in a statement, reports NTB.

Room for optimism

Major reports from the UN Climate Panel provide a comprehensive overview of what is known about climate change. They form the basis for policy formulation and are used by experts, researchers, journalists and academics.

The reports also provide an overview of the consequences for humans and nature, measures and possible future developments.

Although there are gloomy predictions from the UN Climate Panel, the Minister of Climate and Environment, Sveinung Rotevatn (V), does not see the situation in black.

– The objective of the Paris Agreement is to keep warming below 2 degrees and up to 1.5 degrees. The closer we get to 1.5 degrees, the better, says the NTB minister.

However, he emphasizes that the situation is serious:

– Any discussion of weakening climate policy should be completely excluded now.

Climate Minister Sveinung Rotevatn (V) believes that the situation is serious, but that all hope is not lost.

Man-made changes

More than 700 researchers from 90 countries have contributed to the work on the sixth major report of the UN Climate Panel. Among other things, they have reviewed 14,000 research articles to understand what climate scientists agree and disagree on, the AP news agency reported.

In recent years, huge resources have been invested in climate research. The AR6 was expected to contain a series of new findings and updates to the conclusions and forecasts of the previous main report (AR5), which was presented in 2013.

AR5 claimed, among other things, that it was “very likely” that climate change was caused by humans. He then pointed out that this was something the researchers thought was 95 percent likely.

The new report is even clearer in its conclusion. Researchers now believe that there is no question that climate change is man-made.

– Research has become more certain that people are behind the rise in temperature we see today, Jan Fuglestvedt says in a press release from the Cicero Research Center, NTB reports.

Fuglestvedt is among the deputy leaders in the task force that has worked with the first part of AR6.

– The panel considers that this is a clarified issue around which there is no longer any scientific uncertainty, he adds.

Fear of consequences for people and nature.

It was in 2015 that the countries of the world adopted the Paris Agreement, in which they agreed to prevent the planet’s temperature from rising more than 2 degrees since before the industrial age.

But the goal was for the temperature rise not to exceed 1.5 degrees.

in a special report As of 2018, the UN climate panel concluded that 0.5 degrees makes a big difference. At 2 degrees, the sea level will rise higher, the Arctic will be more often ice-free, and almost all of the world’s coral reefs will die.

But scientists have previously warned that the world is not on the right track.

In Monday’s main report, the UN Climate Panel warns that it faces a turbulent time. He points out that the sea, among other things, can rise up to 2 meters. Large areas of land can then be submerged.

Smoke and steam billowed from Europe’s largest coal-fired power plant in Poland in 2018.

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