According to UN estimates, Afghanistan needs almost NOK 5.3 billion in aid by December to avoid a humanitarian crisis. Now the Taliban are coming up with new written promises. But are they trustworthy?
Shortly after the Taliban took control of the Afghan capital, Kabul, the first encouraging messages came from the new regime: a new government should include female representatives.
Many have been skeptical of the “bland” and more modern image that the Taliban have tried to sell on their own.
The Taliban first said they would open up to women in government.
The new interim government was unveiled last week. A government without a single woman.
There are also no representatives of the Shiite Muslim group Hazaras. The group must, according to Amnesty they have been persecuted, tortured and killed by Taliban fighters.
All the ministers of the new government belong to the Taliban’s own organization. The top ministerial posts have been given to men who helped initiate the Taliban nearly 30 years ago.
The curtains separate the curtains of women and men in the universities of the country.
At the same time that the Taliban have made written promises to the world community, they are said to have killed at least 20 civilians in the Panjshir Valley. Writes BBC.
He was beaten by the Taliban: – This shows how they treat us
– People should do what they usually do
According to witnesses, the footage from Panjshirdalen will show Taliban soldiers executing a civilian. The BBC has confirmed at least 20 such incidents since the Taliban took control of the valley last week. It has been the last pocket of the Taliban resistance.
One of the victims is said to be the father of two children and the shoemaker Abdul Sami. According to local sources, he told the Taliban that he was just a poor shop owner who had nothing to do with the war.
Still, Sami was arrested. He was accused of selling SIM cards to the Pansjhir resistance movement, led by Ahmad Massoud. Several days later, Sami’s body was dumped near his home. According to the BBC, he was marked by torture.
These reports are in stark contrast to what the Taliban themselves have said. One of the spokesmen for the Taliban, Malavi Abdullah Rahamani, has called on the people of the Panjshir Valley to “live as usual and carry out their daily tasks.”
– If they are shoemakers, they can go to their stores. If they are farmers, they can go to their farms. We are here to protect them and their families, Rahamani said.
There have been a number of reports that critics of the regime, former government forces and civilians have been tortured and persecuted in various parts of the country. This indicates that it is far from the words of the Taliban and promises the reality that many experience.
The reports come as the UN chief of humanitarian work, Martin Griffiths, has been meeting with Taliban leaders in Kabul for several days to discuss the humanitarian situation in the country.
The result of these meetings: New promises.
At the meetings, Mulla Baradar of the new Taliban leadership promised that humanitarian workers, both women and men, will be able to work safely and move freely in Afghanistan, according to FN.
The Taliban are also said to have assured the UN envoy that they are committed to respecting the rights of all women and minorities. Freedom of speech is also promised, “in light of Afghanistan’s religion and culture.”
New written promises from the Taliban became a major issue when the UN organized a donor conference for Afghanistan in Geneva.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, expressed her skepticism during the conference.
New daily life for Afghan students: a curtain separates men and women
Fear breach of promise
From the rostrum, Bachelet expressed his dissatisfaction with the composition of the new government. She noted how promises by the Taliban to respect women’s rights have been broken in recent weeks.
The High Commissioner also addressed how the Taliban have systematically persecuted members of the old regime, government soldiers and people who have collaborated with Western allies, despite promises that they would not.
Bachelet concluded by calling for better arrangements to monitor the respect of rights in Afghanistan.
UN Secretary General António Guterres also spoke about the Taliban’s written promises. I could say the following:
– These are two documents. You guarantee that the UN can carry out its humanitarian work in its entirety, without restrictions. The second claims that the Taliban promise to provide security and escorts in the parts of the country that they may need. In other words, it is not just a Taliban that accepts the UN presence, but supports and facilitates it.
I’m interested in the Taliban
Guterres also said that the Taliban are obviously interested in being in dialogue with the international community. He notes that the Taliban are fully aware that Afghanistan has been dependent on aid for a long time.
– This gives us a margin of maneuver to confront them, said Guterres.
According to FN After the conference, more than NOK 10 billion were pledged for aid in Afghanistan and several of the neighboring countries.
Monday Announced also the Norwegian government that will give 100 million crowns more in humanitarian support to the Afghans.
This is money that goes to the UN organizations that carry out aid work in the country, as well as the Red Cross.
All the funds are money that should have been earmarked for long-term aid before the Taliban took power.
– More than 18 million people in Afghanistan now need protection and assistance to save lives, said Foreign Minister Ine Eriksen Søreide (H). She was among the approximately 40 ministers who attended the UN conference in Geneva.
Among other things, the money will prevent the water supply, sanitation and health services from completely collapsing.
Also, Afghans need food.
93 percent of the country’s households suffer from food shortages, according to the UN, which is also asking for money to provide 3.5 million internally displaced people, as well as to support educational projects for women and girls, according to NTB.