Wednesday, October 27

How to eliminate oil by 2040?


  • Bjørn Olsen

    Teacher, Nordelshøgskolen Nord

  • Astrid marie holand

    Associate Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences

The Johan Sverdrup field in the North Sea helps Norway export large sums of goods.

The key is in the north.

Debate
This is a discussion post. Opinions in the text are the responsibility of the writer.

Is the oil country of Norway ready for the green change?

That was the question the foreign press asked during this year’s Norwegian election campaign.

Here at home, the question is often translated as: How do we get new jobs and enough livelihoods in a Norway without oil?

The answer? We can do as in earlier times with the scarcity of resources in southern Norway, go north. But not so without further ado. We need to know what we are doing!

Let’s launch a robust new research project, across countries and sectors, to shed light on the question: “The world will phase out the use of fossil fuels by 2040. How?” Hans Petter Graver from the Norwegian Academy of Sciences encourages him.

“Encourage”? – that is, “a” at the end of the sentence?

You must understand the change

History is full of examples that humans can do when we want to. We achieve great scientific results when we support it. It took 13 years to map the human genome and a year to make a vaccine against covid-19. The solutions were rooted in Sciences.

Graver asks, “How long does it take to remove the oil?”

To answer what is needed social Sciences. It is as much about inertia in social systems, interests, and institutions. Anything that is based on oil revenues. Everything we really don’t believe can be different.

Knowledge Yes the north must also be built I North

What we need is to understand the change. The social sciences try to understand these mechanisms, so that we can do something about them.

Both of them government Solberg and Party labor highlights the Upper North as Norway’s most important strategic focus area. The initiatives in the Upper North are important in the north, for Norway and in the world, and the importance will increase in the coming years.

Not long until 2040

The central objectives of Upper North policy are to generate knowledge, create new jobs from resources and solve the climate crisis. So why don’t we start right away?

Because we lack knowledge. Only 2 to 7 percent of research funds go to social research. Knowledge Yes the north must also be built I North. Together, Nord University and Nordland Research constitute the strongest social science teaching and research environment in the North.

Our ambition is a national power for the development and dissemination of social science knowledge.

Political Norway claims that the High North is important and that the need for social research is great.

So they must take it seriously, helping to build knowledge in, about and for the Upper North. It is contributing to a prudent and long-term policy in the Upper North and, at the same time, a crucial key in Graver’s large-scale promise. Because yes, we need it and we need it now. It won’t be long until 2040.


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