Iceland’s coalition government won a majority in Saturday’s elections, as the final election results show. At the Althing, there will also be a majority of women for the first time.
The current government is made up of the Independence Party, the Left Greens, and the Progress Party, which are similar to the Conservatives, Social Democrats, and the Socialist People’s Party of Norway, respectively.
The three parties have secured 37 of the 63 seats in the Alltinget national assembly when all the votes were counted.
Green Left Prime Minister Katrin Jakobsdottir has lost votes to her government partners, and it remains to be seen whether the three parties will continue their cooperation even after the elections and whether Jakobsdottir will continue as prime minister.
“We have to see how the government parties do it together and how we do it,” Jakobsdottir told AFP news agency last night, while preliminary results showed his party losing 1 of the 11 seats it won in 2017.
Historical majority of women
After all the votes had been counted on Sunday morning, it was clear that the Althingi will be made up of 33 women and 30 men.
It is the first time in Iceland, and in Europe in general, that a national assembly has more women than men. It shows figures that AFP has obtained from the World Bank.
Sweden is the country that has previously come closest to crossing the border by half women and half men in a national assembly, with 47 percent women.
Byks for a ruling party
The big winner of the election was the Icelandic Center Party, the Progress Party, which has risen 6.6 percentage points since the previous election and has captured five new Althing seats compared to the previous election.
Jakobsdottir’s party, the left-wing Greens, has lost three seats and dropped 4.3 percentage points.
The government’s largest party, the Independence Party, remains unchanged with 16 seats, although they have also lost voters. They ended up with support that was 0.8 percentage points less than in 2017.
Eight parties at the Althingi
Up to nine parties were expected to be able to sit in the Althingi, which divides the political landscape even more than before. It also makes it difficult to predict which parties can form a coalition. Iceland also has a history with majority rule, which makes it more demanding.
– I know that the results complicate it and that it will be difficult to form a new government, said Jakobsdottir during the night of the elections.
Eight parties ended up hijacking seats in the National Assembly after all the votes had been counted.
The Center Party, which was founded before the 2017 elections and is a center-right populist party, is the most backward of all. They finished with three seats, a decrease of four (from 10.9 percent to 5.4 percent). The prime minister’s party declined in second place.
The newly created far-left Socialist Party finished with 4.1 percent and did not enter.