Taking into account French people aged 18 to 64, “between 2017 and 2020, the distribution of cannabis stabilized (45% in 2017). The proportion of users during the year (11%, i.e. one adult in ten) has not changed since 2014 “, notes the OFDT. The proportion was the same in 2016, the date of the last study.
Who are the smokers?
Rather of men. The profile of smokers reveals, moreover, a male prevalence: 15% of men are concerned, against 7.5% of women. The OFDT notes, however, an evolution since 1992 with an “increase in the proportion of women who have already consumed cannabis”.
Rather young people. At 17 years old, more than 40% of adolescents indicate having used cannabis during the year, as in 2016. Among 18-24 year olds, they are almost 26%. The figure decreases with age and only concerns about 2% among 55-64 year olds.
The OFDT observes, compared to 1992, “an aging of users over the year who are more and more often in their thirties and forties”.
What forms of consumption?
The joint remains the most common form of cannabis use, in 94% of cases. Some prefer to vape it (2.3%) or ingest it in the form of food or infusion (2.2%).
61% of users consume the herb of the plant, while 37% prefer the resin. This recent predominance of the herb “is part of the context of changes in the cannabis market in France”, according to the OFDT. In 95% of cases, they are not taken pure but mixed with tobacco.
How often ?
The number of regular users (at least ten drinks per month) is “down slightly”, “from 3.6% in 2017 to 3.2% in 2020”.
More generally, nearly half of French people (46%) admit to having used cannabis in their lifetime. According to the OFDT, this figure is “stable since 2017”, after a period of increase since 2000.
France is also the country in the European Union with the most cannabis consumers. In the EU, the proportion of those who have smoked it is on average 27%.