The presidential election is approaching and each candidate tries to convince as many voters as possible. What if these voters don’t vote? Jean-Luc Mélenchon has been warning for several months on registration on the electoral rolls. The LFI presidential candidate has also reiterated this Monday, at a press conference, his concern and suggests that the government launch a “public registration campaign” and mobilize “digital platforms to encourage electoral registration and to vote as they do today to encourage vaccination ”.
Why ? Because according to him, 13 million people are badly registered or not registered on the electoral lists, out of the 48 million voters in France.
What does that mean ?
The “badly registered” are the voters who appear on the electoral list of a municipality where they do not live. In France, when you move, registration on the list of your new municipality is not automatic. It’s up to you to make the change. If this is not done, you must come to your former municipality to vote or establish a proxy. You are then considered to be “mis-registered”. Same thing if you have several places of residence, you are only registered in one place.
The “non-registered” are the French who have the right to vote, but are not registered anywhere. Either because they have never done so, or because they have been removed from a list – that of their former municipality after a move, for example.
What are the last known figures?
According to INSEE figures, 47.9 million voters are registered on the electoral lists as of May 24, 2021 (excluding New Caledonia), i.e. 94% of French people of voting age. A small clarification concerning the declaration of Jean-Luc Mélenchon: there are not 13 million mis-registered and non-registered among the 48 million voters in France; France has nearly 48 million people registered on the electoral rolls, including poorly registered people. The number of non-registrants must be added, and not included.
The phenomenon of “bad registration” is often carried as a banner to explain the abstention. The latest figures on this phenomenon date from 2017. political science researchers are based on electoral participation during the last presidential election and estimated 7.6 million “mis-registered” people, in addition to the 5.2 million unregistered people. A total therefore of 12.8 million.
To check if you are registered on the correct list of electors, go to this public service site.
And now, how many are there? This is the whole problem. The next figures will not be available until after the presidential election in April 2022, the most mobilizing vote. And there are many variables to take into consideration. The first is that it is still possible to register on the electoral rolls until March 2. With the Covid crisis, many French people have also moved from metropolitan areas to medium-sized cities. The figure of an average of 3 million French people who move each year could therefore be distorted. Finally, since 2018, any French person who reaches the age of 18 is automatically registered on the electoral rolls if he has taken the citizen census process from the age of 16 …
How to register on the electoral rolls?
It is possible to register to vote in the presidential election until March 2, 2022 (online) and until March 4 (by printable form, or on site at the town hall or consulate).
How to do ?
In line : it’s here on this public service site
You must have proof of address and proof of identity.
On site, in town hall
You must then bring proof of identity, proof of address and a cerfa no. 12669 registration request form (also available at the town hall).
Make a power of attorney
It is possible to request a power of attorney online: it’s this way
Step 1: retrieve from your representative, either his voter number and date of birth, or all of his civil status data and his voting municipality;
Step 2: Easily complete your proxy request online;
Step 3: go to the police station, the gendarmerie or the consulate to verify your identity and validate your power of attorney;
Step 4: You are informed by email as soon as your proxy is accepted.
A high risk of abstention
If Jean-Luc Mélenchon is worried, it is because an incorrectly registered voter potentially rhymes with abstention. According to Céline Braconnier, director of Sciences Po Saint-Germain and one of the authors of the study cited above questioned by France 24, “Poor registration is one of the fundamental causes of abstention from the presidential election, even if it does not explain everything. “
According to her and her colleagues Jean-Yves Dormagen and Baptiste Coulmont, being registered in a region other than the one where you live increases the risk of abstaining by nearly 12 points. The main stakeholders are young graduates and executives. In 2017, the phenomenon affected 43% of 25-29 year olds and 36% of 30-34 year olds. “Even when voters have graduated, they procrastinate and do not re-register”, concludes Céline Braconnier with France 24.