Friday, January 21

Society. Suicide attempts: why they jumped among young women in 2021

Since the health crisis, alerts have multiplied on an increase in depressive feelings among young people. The isolation, the absence of social and festive life, the video lessons could have generated in some of them a feeling of distress, which could lead to fatal acts. According to new data obtained by Release, young women are the most affected. The increase in suicidal acts and attempted suicides since the end of 2020 is mainly due to young women.

+ 40% emergency room admissions for girls under 15

Release has thus obtained from Public Health France the evolution by sex of emergency room admissions for suicidal acts for the first 43 weeks of 2021. Among girls under 15 years of age, emergency room admissions for suicidal acts have increased by more than 40 % compared to the average admissions of the three previous years. On the other hand, the admission rate for boys under 15 is stable compared to previous years.

This phenomenon is also observed for the 15-29 age group. Among women, emergency room admissions increased by 22% in 2021 compared to the previous three years, while it increased only slightly (+ 1%) for men.

Release also had access to data being published on calls for suicide attempts at poison control centers. Established by Fabrice Jollant, doctor in psychiatry, and Dominique Vodovar, resuscitator, they indicate a 50% increase in suicide attempts and suicidal gestures among women over the first eleven months of 2021 compared to the average for the previous three years. In boys, the change is 10%.

In another article in publication, the two authors note a 27% increase in hospitalizations for self-inflicted acts (self-harm) since September 2020 among adolescents aged 10 to 19, while the rates remain stable among adolescents of 10 to 19 years and on young people from 20 to 29 years of both sexes.

A higher suicide rate among men

If the male-female imbalance is particularly important for the year 2021, it has always existed. As indicated Release, the number of emergency room admissions of young girls is each year higher than that of young men. There are between 3,300 and 4,000 admissions per year between 2018 and 2020 among young girls under 15, and between 2,000 and 2,500 admissions per year for young men under 15. Among 15-29 year olds, between 13,000 and 15,000 admissions of women are recorded, against 7,000 to 8,000 among men.

In 2014, a report from the National Suicide Observatory indicated that suicide attempts were much more frequent among women, with a hospitalization rate of 21.7 per 10,000 women, compared to 14.6 per 10,000 among men in 2011. Among 15-29 year olds, hospitalizations for a suicide attempt were three times more common in women than in men. In contrast, the suicide rate was higher for men (25 deaths per 100,000) than for women (8 per 100,000). “Women make twice as many suicide attempts as men, but are three times less likely to kill themselves,” noted the National Suicide Observatory.

This could be explained by the means used. According to the National Suicide Observatory report, among men, the most common mode of suicide is hanging (58%), followed by the use of firearms (17%). In women, it is hanging (37%) and taking medication (28%).

“Girls have more, in the expression of their psychological suffering or their distress, recourse to suicide attempts, often with means which are less life-threatening, drug taken, while for the suicides that are said” completed “, that is to say followed by a death, it is more boys and men”, underlines in Release Angèle Consoli, specialist in child and adolescent psychiatry at the Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital.

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