Saturday, May 21

Society. Mobility, studies, family… Who are the young rural people in France?

The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies published its annual demographic report on Tuesday for the year 2018. an additional report entitled “Between city and countryside, the pathways of children growing up in rural areas”, INSEE focused more specifically on the 5.3 million young people aged 3 to 24 who live in rural areas of France. These young rural people, usually little studied in statistical surveys, represent 30% of French people aged 3 to 24.

Rural areas can be of several types, according to the INSEE definition: autonomous and sparsely populated, autonomous and very sparsely populated, under weak influence from a pole, under strong influence from a pole.

At 18, 20% of rural youth leave the countryside

INSEE notes first of all that it is not because young French people grow up in rural areas that they stay there. Thus, some 20% of young people residing in rural areas leave to live in the city from the age of 18, mainly to begin their studies. About 93% of 18-year-old rural veterans are enrolled in a higher education institution.

In short, at 17, a third of young French people live in the countryside. But they are only a quarter at 18 years old.

Shorter and professionalizing studies

As for the other rural young people, they do not necessarily stay in the countryside because they found a job just after the baccalaureate. In fact, 75% of 18-year-olds who have stayed in rural areas are enrolled in an educational establishment.

On the other hand, more often than their counterparts who left for the city, they only have a secondary school certificate, a CAP or a vocational baccalaureate. Thus, they go more towards professional training or higher technician certificate type (BTS), often located in high schools or apprenticeship training centers scattered throughout the territory.

They are moreover more numerous than urban young people to study in apprenticeship (13% against 8%, against 9% at the national level). In the end, those who remained in rural areas are on average less qualified than those who left.

The vocational training they opt for is partly explained by the economic situation of their family. “Young people from rural areas more often have parents who are employees or workers than from more affluent classes”, specifies the Parisian Yaëlle Amsellem-Mainguy, sociologist at the National Institute for Youth and Popular Education (Injep). “For these young people, it is therefore important to enter the labor market quickly and earlier than for those who are better off, in particular because their parents’ financial means are more limited. »

Young people who grow up little in single-parent families

The family profile of rural children and adolescents also differs from that of their urban counterparts.

Thus, young people in rural areas live less in single-parent families than those in urban areas. They are 16.4% to live with only one parent, against 25.4% in urban areas (and 26% in very dense urban areas). Several phenomena explain this, in particular the fact that “single-parent families are more likely to leave rural areas than to settle there; they can thus benefit from services and equipment in urban areas to facilitate their daily life,” notes INSEE.

Children aged 3 to 17 living in rural areas are also more likely to have a single room (for 85.7% of them) than children in urban areas (64%). This is particularly linked to the fact that rents are generally more expensive in cities and less spacious accommodation.

Another noteworthy element: young rural people live much less in households made up of at least one immigrant person than urban people. “This observation is linked to the concentration of the immigrant population in the major urban centers”, according to Chantal Brutel, the author of the study, who spoke to the Parisian. Thus, 8.1% of rural 3-17 year olds live with at least one immigrant, compared to 29.7% of urban youth (and 38.3% in very dense urban areas).

These new elements are added to the results ofanother survey conducted last March by DREES, which showed that rural children lived less often than urban children in poor (13% versus 23%) or very well-off families.

Young people who finally return to the fold?

Regarding their mobility, INSEE insists on the fact that up to the age of 22, more young adults leave the countryside for the city than the reverse. But then, at 23 and 24, the two reverse flows “compensate for each other”, so that “the proportion of young people residing in a rural municipality is stable at these ages”, notes INSEE.

The data from the census do not, however, allow us to say to what extent these young people who settle in the countryside are former rural people – who left briefly for urban areas to study there, and who eventually return to their village – or are they grew up in the city and are tempted to go green for the first time.

(1) The results come from the additional analysis of the 2018 population census. The scope of the study covers children, adolescents and young adults aged 3 to 24, whether they live in an ordinary household or in a community in except for the section on the sociodemographic characteristics of 3 to 17 year olds

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