What is Lyme Disease?

Lyme disease is a tick-borne illness caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi.

Transmission: Lyme disease is transmitted to humans when an infected tick bites & remains attached for an extended period.

Early Localized Stage: Within 3 to 30 days after a tick bite, an expanding red rash called erythema migrans (EM) often appears at the site of the tick bite.

Diagnosing Lyme disease can be challenging as the symptoms can mimic other conditions, and the diagnostic tests may have limitations.

Treatment: The primary treatment for Lyme disease is antibiotics. The choice of antibiotics & the duration of treatment depend on the stage of the disease.

Preventive measures can help reduce the risk of contracting Lyme disease: Avoid tick-infested areas, especially wooded & grassy areas.

Geographic Distribution: Lyme disease is most commonly found in parts of North America, Europe, & Asia.

Long-Term Effects: If Lyme disease is left untreated or not adequately treated. 

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