“AUKUS,” said the ally. Cold War, China responds. We are angry, France is furious. What’s going on?
It was late at night in England. Half a day in the United States. And early in the morning in Australia.
Several of the countries’ residents may have had their morning coffee or dinner down their throats when their leaders held a press conference on Wednesday:
Australia will get something it has never had before. Namely, nuclear powered submarines.
The reason is a new military collaboration between the United States, Australia and England. “AUKUS”, they called it.
China prefers to call it something else.
Will share technology
AUKUS will make it easier for partner countries to share advanced technology. Traditionally, it has been reserved for the United States and England.
Now the two countries are inviting Australia to join the gang. The three will share, among other things, artificial intelligence, cyber technology and underwater technology.
The latter means that Australia gets nuclear powered submarines.
Just because they are nuclear powered does not mean they are equipped with nuclear weapons. Instead, it is the submarines that obtain energy from nuclear fission. This allows them to stay underwater for longer.
It will be years before the country gets its own ships. Meanwhile, the United States will place its, writes Political.
More specifically near the Indo-Pacific area.
A growing China is also operating.
The new association is attracting attention.
Here are four questions and answers on “China’s worst nightmare.”
1. Why is this happening now?
The short answer is China. The great power was not named even once during the press conference of the three world leaders.
However, the country is singled out as the main reason the AUKUS collaboration was launched.
China will likely soon have the largest economy in the world. The country already has the second largest defense budget in the world.
The Chinese authorities are investing, among other things, in new military technology. The Indo-Pacific Ocean has become a kind of playground for testing equipment.
Across this sea is Australia, which has gradually developed a more acidic relationship with China since 2018. During the pandemic, it got worse.
Last year Australia called for an international investigation into the origins of the pandemic. China responded by launching a trade war, which has hit the Australian economy hard.
The United States and China are already locked in a trade war.
Australia will now cooperate with the United States and England, among other things, to be better equipped against China.
2. Is this necessary?
Yes, think the members of AUKUS. The leaders of the countries were full of praise:
– It’s about investing in our greatest strength. Our alliance. And upgrade it to meet current and future threats of the future.
That’s what US President Joe Biden said.
“We must take our cooperation to a new level,” said Australian President Scott Morrison.
– Without a doubt, we have entered a new era. It presents new challenges for Australia, our partners, friends and countries in the region. This means that we must share the same vision of peace and stability.
Nuclear-powered submarines will help ensure this, Morrison continued. But that does not mean that Australia is looking for nuclear weapons, he stressed.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said technology “will make the world safer.” He described the plans for the nuclear powered submarines as:
– One of the most complex and technically challenging projects in the world. It will last for decades and will require the most advanced technology.
3. How does China react?
A few hours after the launch of AUKUS, China criticized the cooperation.
The land must not build exclusive blocks that target and harm third parties. A spokesman for the Chinese embassy in Washington, Liu Pengyu, said:
– They should get rid of the Cold War mentality.
4. What consequences can it have?
The collaboration could have consequences for the Australian wallet. Although the political distance between China and Australia has increased, the two countries have close economic ties.
China is Australia’s largest export market. But the latter has lost around NOK 46 billion as a result of the countries’ crown dispute. New tensions could generate more losses, according to a recent relationship of the OECD.
Australia accused China last week of deliberately damaging the economy.
AUKUS may also generate dissatisfaction in Australia’s neighbor New Zealand, which is not involved in the cooperation. The country is strictly against nuclear weapons.
Australia’s nuclear powered submarines will not be welcome in New Zealand waters. The country’s prime minister, Jacinda Ardern, said this during a press conference on Thursday.
The agreement also excludes other partners in the region. India and Japan, which together with the US and Australia make up “The Quad”, are not included.
In France, AUKUS arouses anger. Actually, Australia was going to buy them submarines. The avalanche has now been removed. It was worth $ 40 billion. This corresponds to up to 344 billion NOK.
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian described it as an ambush.
“We had established a relationship of trust with Australia, but this trust has been broken,” he said on Thursday.
– Today I am very angry and bitter. This is not something the Allies are doing to each other. This sudden and unpredictable decision is very reminiscent of what Trump could have done.
In addition, he described it as an “American option to exclude a European ally.”
It raises questions about how the deal will affect relations between the United States and Europe. England’s participation is not interpreted as part of European relations with the United States. Instead, AUKUS is seen as Johnson’s next step in the plan for a “global Britain” after Brexit. writes New York Times.
The rest of Europe is on the sidelines and France is furious. This raises the question of whether AUKUS can join the ranks of the conflicts between the United States and Europe.